The main goal of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is to reduce barriers to trade and promote economic growth between Canada, Mexico and the United States. Negotiations between these three countries began in 1994.
NAFTA provides a free marketplace in which the United States, Mexico and Canada can exchange goods and services and promote export jobs. By implementing the agreement, the cooperating countries play a role in increasing purchasing choices by consumers and minimizing environmental issues such as illegal waste trading and wildlife endangerment. As part of NAFTA, the United States and Mexico also cooperate in the effort to keep the border areas clean and environmentally safe.