State legislatures create laws for their respective states, check the power of their state governors and reserve the power to ratify amendments to the U.S. Constitution. The laws that state legislatures create often deal with crime and contracts like marriage. State legislatures also participate in carrying out federal programs within their state boundaries.Continue Reading
State legislatures make the laws that govern the states. Unlike the U.S. Congress, which deals with issues like foreign policy and national security, the state legislatures handle more of the issues that affect constituents in their day-to-day lives: marriage and family law, wills and estates, penal law and state infrastructure. The state legislatures establish the state budget; the way in which the government allocates money during a fiscal year. This creates a layer of overlap with the federal government because the state legislature decides how to fund federal programs.
A state legislature checks its governor in much the same way the U.S. Congress checks the president. It can override vetoes, impeach government officials and amend the state constitution.
State legislatures also posses the important power of enabling amendments to the U.S. Constitution. According to Article V of the Constitution, the state legislatures can apply to Congress for a national convention to propose constitutional amendments and then ratify the proposed amendments.Learn more about Branches of Government
The federal government, under the powers of the U.S. Constitution, is given the power to make laws, veto laws, oversee foreign policy and national defense, impose tariffs, impeach officials, enter into treaties, interpret the Constitution, interpret laws and revise laws that allow one state to impede on the rights of another. Beyond that, the 10th amendment gives power to the states to govern themselves.Full Answer >
Some examples of states where individuals can legally grow marijuana for medical use at their homes are Alaska, California, Michigan and Hawaii, based on laws passed by state legislatures. However, under federal law in the United States, it is a felony to grow any amount of marijuana, including for medical use, according to Norml.org.Full Answer >
The term limits for governors in the 36 states that have them vary. The most common type of term limit in these states is two consecutive terms.Full Answer >
The Annenberg Classroom states that the "elastic clause" of the U.S. Constitution gives Congress the power to create any laws required to carry out the responsibilities that are specifically assigned to Congress in Article I, Section 8 of that document. The clause, which comes at the end of that section, has been used several times since it was established, according to the University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law.Full Answer >