The majority of the early Tory Party members were English supporters of James, Duke of York, as royal successor to the throne of England. The Tory Party, founded in 1689, arose as opposition to the Whig party.
With Tory support, the Duke of York became King James II of England in 1685. However, because James converted to Catholicism and strongly supported the Catholic Church, the Whigs brought William of Orange to England as a claimant to the throne. In 1690, James was defeated at the Battle of Boyne and deposed. Following James II’s death in exile, the Tory Party continued to exist as conservative supporters of traditional political and social ideals until the early 19th century, when it developed into the Conservative Party.