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How long is a term of Congress?

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Quick Answer

While senators are elected to serve terms of 6 years, members of the House of Representatives are elected to serve terms of only 2 years. There are no limits to how many terms to which members of Congress may be elected.

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How long is a term of Congress?
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Full Answer

Members of Congress, whether senators or members of the House of Representatives, are elected to represent the people of their home states. Each of the 435 members of the House of Representatives is elected to serve 2-year terms, and each of the 100 senators is elected to serve 6-year terms. In addition to terms of individual members, Congress as a whole is in session for 2 years at a time, each term beginning on January 3 of every odd-numbered year, and numbered consecutively.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What are the terms of office for representatives?

    A:

    Members of the House of Representatives serve terms of 2 years. For consideration as House candidates, potential representatives must have United States citizenship over at least the prior 7 years, be no younger than 25 years old, and reside in the state they wish to represent upon election.

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  • Q:

    What is Congress made up of?

    A:

    Congress is made up of two houses: the Senate and the House of Representatives. Encyclopedia Brittanica notes that the House is the larger legislative body; its membership number is determined by the population of the states. The Senate is the smaller, but more revered, chamber. Every state has two senators.

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  • Q:

    How long do senators serve?

    A:

    Senators in the U.S. Senate serve terms of 6 years. However, the re-election period for the Senate is staggered and held in even-numbered years. This is designed so that all members of the Senate are not up for re-election at the same time.

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  • Q:

    How many representatives are in Congress?

    A:

    There are 435 representatives in the U.S. House of Representatives. It also includes six nonvoting members: a resident commissioner from Puerto Rico and five delegates from the District of Columbia, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa and the Northern Mariana Islands.

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