How long is a Senator's term in office?


Quick Answer

United States senators serve 6-year terms, although they may seek reelection after each term, and there is no formal or official limit to the number of years or terms a senator may serve. Senators may resign voluntarily or opt to not seek reelection, and they can also be formally expelled by the Senate in the case of wrongdoing; in these cases, two-thirds of the Senate must vote for expulsion, and it is very rare for this process to occur. Each senator serves alongside a fellow senator from the same state, and each state in the union is accorded two Senate seats, as are two unofficial "shadow senators" from the District of Columbia.

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How long is a Senator's term in office?
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Full Answer

Senators are not bound by a term limit, but this does not mean that their terms as senators are necessarily indefinite. Every 6 years, senators must seek reelection against opponents in his or her home state. In some cases, long-term senators who have served for decades are replaced by newly elected representatives, but this is a rare occurrence, and senators typically hold their jobs through successful reelection for a long period of time. Senior senators often run for president, as senators such as John Kerry have done, or they may be appointed to high-ranking federal positions, such as Secretary of State.

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