In the United States, infractions are not considered to be crimes, so they are not reflected on a person's Department of Justice criminal records. Infractions are violations that carry monetary penalties without any probation or imprisonment.
The three types of charges in the U.S. are based on the degree of seriousness of the infringement and the manner of punishment the offender receives. These charges include infractions, misdemeanors and felonies. A person who commits an infraction is only penalized through fines. Most infractions are related to traffic violations and appear on a person's driving record. Infractions may be kept on a driving record from 5 to 55 years.