Employees can lodge complaints of employment discrimination with the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission by mail or in person at an EEOC office, according to the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. They can also use the online assessment tool to determine if their complaint falls under EEOC jurisdiction and initiate a complaint process by phone.
Employees are required to file charges of employment discrimination due to race, religion, sex, age and other factors with the EEOC before filing job discrimination lawsuits against employers, explains the EEOC. If employees appear in person at a local EEOC office, they should bring any relevant information and paperwork such as termination notices from employers, performance evaluations and names and contact information of colleagues or other people who can provide information about the case. An employee filing a complaint by mail must include information such as the name and contact information of the offending employer, a description of the circumstances of the offense and an explanation of why the employee is filing discrimination charges. To allow the EEOC to initiate an investigation, the employee must sign the letter.
Completing the online assessment tool at EEOC.gov is not the same as filing charges, but the tool allows an employee to find out if the EEOC is the right agency to work with to resolve the problem, states the EEOC. If an employee contacts the EEOC by phone, the EEOC passes on the information to a local office, which contacts the employee to initiate formal procedures.