Impairments that may qualify a person for disability benefits through the U.S. Social Security Administration include ailments that affect the respiratory, digestive and cardiovascular systems; hematological disorders such as sickle cell disease; skin and endocrine disorders; and complications with muskuloskeletal systems, such as a loss of function due to bone damage or deformity. In addition, individuals with neurological and mental disorders may also qualify for Social Security disability benefits.
Malignant neoplastic diseases such as HIV, growth impairments affecting height and weight, immune system disorders such as lupus or vasculitis, and impairments to special senses, such as blindness, visual disorders and hearing loss may also classify an individual as disabled according to the Social Security Administration.
The Social Security Administration requires individuals seeking disability benefits to provide evidence of medical conditions by submitting health records, lab reports and treatment history as well as an evaluation by a licensed medical professional approved by Social Security. In general, the medical conditions involved must be sufficiently severe to prevent the person seeking disability benefits from working. A statement from the applicant detailing the challenges associated with the impairment may also be requested by Social Security. In many cases, individuals applying for eligibility may need to provide proof that the condition has affected them for at least 12 months.