The process of disowning a parent is known as emancipation. This process is governed by state laws, according to Cornell University Law School. The process differs in each state, but court involvement is usually necessary. Approximately half of the states in the country have specific emancipation statutes.
Some states allow a minor to become emancipated if the minor gets married or joins the military, according to Nolo. The age at which a minor can become emancipated differs from one state to another. Many states require the minor to be at least 16 years old, but there are some exceptions. California, for example, allows a child who is 14 to petition the court for emancipation in some instances. The party, either the parents or the minor, who is petitioning for emancipation must do so in the jurisdiction of residence, notes Cornell University Law School.
A minor who is emancipated must act as an adult before the age of majority in his state of residence, explains Nolo. The emancipated minor can collect wages, is responsible for paying bills, can make medical decisions and enter into contracts. While the minor can make decisions regarding education, most states do not allow the minor to quit school. He still needs parental permission to get married if he is not at the age of majority in his jurisdiction, and he is unable to vote or get a driver's license prior to coming of legal age.