Minors have the legal right to equal protection, due process, education and other basic needs, including health care, good nutrition and a safe environment, according to FindLaw. Minors do not have the right to vote, hold property, enter into certain types of contracts, or sue and be sued.
Minors are entitled to the same treatment in law enforcement and other institutions regardless of their gender, race, religion or disability, states FindLaw. Parents are required to provide basic rights, failure of which the state may terminate parental custody. Under the Disabilities Education Act, physically challenged children have the right to special accommodations that ensure their learning is on par with their peers. Before any of their basic rights are taken, minors are entitled to a notice of the motion to have their rights revoked and a fair hearing.
Teenagers may have more rights than younger children since minors obtain some rights as they grow, notes FindLaw. Depending on the state, minors have a right to seek employment when they reach a certain age. Although minors have the right of speech, educational institutions may limit this right to protect other minors. Minors may qualify for emancipation if they demonstrate certain levels of maturity.