What Are Some Legal Rights of the Mentally Ill?


Quick Answer

The Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act, the Fair Housing Amendments Act, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act and the Americans with Disabilities Act all provide legal protections for people with mental disabilities, says WebMD. These laws guarantee the rights of mentally ill people in regard to housing, employment, education and other areas.

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Full Answer

The Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act allows the government to monitor the health and safety of mentally ill people living in a public facility or institution, explains the U.S. Department of Justice. Institutionalized mentally ill people are guaranteed the same constitutional privileges and immunities as any other citizen.

The Fair Housing Amendments Act prohibits housing discrimination against anyone with a disability, including those with a mental illness, explains WebMD. Landlords must provide reasonable accommodations to people with disabilities. Mentally ill children have the right to a quality education under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. This law requires schools to create an individualized education plan for every disabled child. The Americans with Disabilities Act precludes discrimination against people with mental disabilities in public accommodations, employment, public transportation and government services.

People with a mental illness have the right to protect their privacy and receive appropriate services, notes WebMD. They have a right to understand treatment options and receive care that doesn't discriminate on the basis of their illness.

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