What Are the Labor Laws for Ohio?


Quick Answer

Similar to other states, Ohio labor laws start with federal labor laws and incorporate a few variations. As of February 2015, variations in Ohio include wages, worker's compensation, holidays and vacation, and termination, states Lawyers.com. The Ohio Department of Labor provides the latest labor law information.

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Full Answer

The first Ohio-specific labor laws pertain to wages, says Lawyers.com. Companies with higher earnings must pay workers more than the federal minimum wage, and tipped employees have a lower minimum base wage with tips making up the difference between this and the federal wage. When it comes to workers compensation, companies in Ohio are required to purchase insurance through the state unless they are able to demonstrate they can self-insure. Unlike some other states, Ohio companies are not required to provide paid holiday and vacation time. The state is "at-will," and so both companies and employees are able to terminate the employment relationship at any time and for any reason, with the exceptions of discrimination or retaliation.

Employment law provides an interesting exception to the constitutional standard that federal laws supersede state laws, according to Chron. Because employment laws are designed to assist employees, the law that offers the highest degree of protection for the worker is the one that applies. For this reason, it is important to state up-to-date on federal employment laws in addition to state employment laws.

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