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Who is known as the "father of the Constitution"?

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James Madison is known as the father of the Constitution. He had a pivotal role in the effort to draft and ratify the U.S. Constitution.

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In May 1787, James Madison was the first of the 56 delegates to arrive at the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia. His Virginia Plan was a key part of what the U.S. Constitution was based on, and he recorded the most detailed notes throughout the Convention. Madison argued for a strong central government to unify the people, and he co-authored a series of essays to campaign for the ratification of the Constitution. James Madison also drafted the Bill of Rights.

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