The Singapore government describes itself as a "sovereign republic." It has three governing bodies: the executive, the legislative and the judiciary. English common law is the foundation for its legal system.
The executive branch consists of the cabinet. Singapore's prime minister heads up this assembly, which oversees government functions. The legislative branch, which consists of Parliament, is responsible for making laws. The judicial branch is independent of the other areas and is tasked with seeing that justice is done. Singapore also has a president, who is responsible for naming the prime minister. The individuals in these two roles make appointments to other ministry positions.