What Kind of Government Does Russia Have?

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Russia is a federation with a prime minister and a president as head of state. The legislature is a bicameral body that includes the State Duma and the Federal Assembly. The judicial branch includes Supreme Arbitration, Supreme and Constitutional bodies.

The State Duma of Russia has 450 members. The prime minister is considered Chairman of the Government. Deputy prime ministers and federal prime ministers work under the prime minister. The prime minister is appointed by the president, and the appointee receives confirmation from the State Duma. The prime minister succeeds the president if he is incapacitated in some way. The president is not part of the Russian government and exercises supreme executive power in the country. The Russian government operates within the country's constitution. All laws must not be in opposition to the constitution, executive decrees or federal laws.

The Russian government is granted certain obligations and freedoms. For example, the sixth provision of the Constitution of the Russian Federation states that a federal budget must be sent to the State Duma for approval. The government also has an obligation to establish a financial and monetary system in Russia. Science, culture, education and social security are also outlined in the Russian constitution. The government is given power to protect personal property and safeguard humans rights.