The Philippines is a democratic republic with an executive, legislative and judicial branch. The elected president serves as both the head of state and the head of government. The legislative branch has two bodies; the upper chamber is the Senate and the lower chamber is the House of Representatives.
The judicial branch of the Philippines' government includes a Supreme Court, a Court of Appeals and a Regional Trial Court. In addition to the president, the executive branch includes a vice president, a cabinet and executive departments. The office of the Ombudsman monitors all three of the branches of government. Administrative divisions consist of autonomous regions, provinces and independent cities, municipalities and component cities and barangays, the smallest administrative division.