The types of elections held each year in November differ depending on the year and the location. Federal elections are every two years and there are always U.S. Representatives on the ballot, because they serve only two years.
U.S. Senatorial elections are staggered throughout the U.S. so only one-third of Senators are up for re-election every two years. Senators serve six years and the President serves four years. For convenience and lower costs, state and local elections usually combine with federal elections. These elections depend greatly on local election laws dictating length of service for governors, state legislators, county supervisors and city council members. In addition to political positions are the approval or disapproval of judges, magistrates, bonds and various other propositions.