The types of cases heard in federal court are those in which the United States is directly involved. For example, cases with parties in different states often qualify for federal court. Federal courts also hear cases pertaining to Constitutional law, copyright, patient law, maritime activity and violations of federal laws.Continue Reading
Only specific types of criminal cases are eligible for federal court. International drug trafficking cases qualify for federal adjudication if the drugs crossed the U.S. border. Federal courts also hear drug cases in which the drugs crossed state lines. Other federal criminal cases are those involving crimes committed on federal property, such as at a Post Office, national park or government building. Mail fraud is also a federal offense. Federal courts also handle select civil cases. To qualify for federal court, a lawsuit must involve parties in multiple states and the plaintiff must seek an amount not less than $75,000. Bankruptcies and international trade suits frequently qualify for federal court.
Certain cases qualify for both state and federal court. These include class-action lawsuits, environmental lawsuits, disputes regarding the interaction of state and federal laws, and cases involving simultaneous violation of state and federal laws. Civil rights cases occasionally qualify for both court systems as well.Learn more about Law
The United States Supreme Court is the highest court in the land, and one of its main duties is to decide the outcome of cases. As the Supreme Court is the highest court, all decisions and outcomes are final and a case that goes to the Supreme Court must first pass through many other courts. The Supreme Court has the power to investigate, question and overturn cases that were decided in lower courts.Full Answer >
Most states follow common law when addressing palimony claims in court, although some states, such as California, follow the law as determined in legal cases, such as the 1976 Marvin v. Marvin case governing California, as explained by DivorceNet.com. Palimony refers to alimony for non-married but co-habitating couples.Full Answer >
Probate court is a type of court where cases having to do with estates, wills and guardianship are handled, according to Investopedia. Other types of cases commonly held in probate court include conservatorships and issues with the mentally ill.Full Answer >
Process servers deliver court documents such as subpoenas, summons, writs, complaints, or orders to show cause to individuals involved in legal cases by visiting their homes and places of work, according to Process Servers. Multiple visits are often necessary as process-server targets are sometimes difficult to locate.Full Answer >