The types of cases heard in federal court are those in which the United States is directly involved. For example, cases with parties in different states often qualify for federal court. Federal courts also hear cases pertaining to Constitutional law, copyright, patient law, maritime activity and violations of federal laws.Continue Reading
Only specific types of criminal cases are eligible for federal court. International drug trafficking cases qualify for federal adjudication if the drugs crossed the U.S. border. Federal courts also hear drug cases in which the drugs crossed state lines. Other federal criminal cases are those involving crimes committed on federal property, such as at a Post Office, national park or government building. Mail fraud is also a federal offense. Federal courts also handle select civil cases. To qualify for federal court, a lawsuit must involve parties in multiple states and the plaintiff must seek an amount not less than $75,000. Bankruptcies and international trade suits frequently qualify for federal court.
Certain cases qualify for both state and federal court. These include class-action lawsuits, environmental lawsuits, disputes regarding the interaction of state and federal laws, and cases involving simultaneous violation of state and federal laws. Civil rights cases occasionally qualify for both court systems as well.Learn more about Law
A letter of administration is granted by the court in inheritance cases where there is no executor or the originally appointed executor is unable to perform his duties properly, according to Legal Dictionary. This appointment is issued via a short document.Full Answer >
Process servers deliver court documents such as subpoenas, summons, writs, complaints, or orders to show cause to individuals involved in legal cases by visiting their homes and places of work, according to Process Servers. Multiple visits are often necessary as process-server targets are sometimes difficult to locate.Full Answer >
Most states follow common law when addressing palimony claims in court, although some states, such as California, follow the law as determined in legal cases, such as the 1976 Marvin v. Marvin case governing California, as explained by DivorceNet.com. Palimony refers to alimony for non-married but co-habitating couples.Full Answer >
A child advocate investigates welfare cases concerning minors and their families, reports findings to the court, and provides counseling to children and families in crises, according to the Houston Chronicle. He arranges support services such as parenting classes, medical assistance, prenatal care and job training.Full Answer >