The United States president’s judicial powers include nominating judges to the Supreme Court and granting pardons. The president can also shorten prison terms and grant amnesty.Continue Reading
The president of the United States is responsible, under Article II of the Constitution, to execute and enforce the laws that are created by Congress. To facilitate this, the president is responsible for appointing 15 cabinet members. Each cabinet member is the head of a department, such as the Department of Labor or the Department of Energy, which enforces these laws.
The president also nominates judges to the Supreme Court, which is the highest court in the country. The president's nominations must first be confirmed by the Senate.
The president can grant pardons, which legally forgive crimes and cancel penalties as well as reprieves. Whereas a pardon eliminates the legal consequences of a crime, a reprieve only postpones the sentence.
The president can also commute sentences that are already in effect, by reducing prison terms or lowering penalties. The only crime for which the president cannot grant a pardon is impeachment.
The president can grant amnesty, which is a legal pardon for a group that has committed treason, or a similar crime. The first presidential amnesty in the U.S. was granted by George Washington to the members of the Whiskey Rebellion.
The president's judicial powers are closely tied to his or her legislative powers. These include signing legislation into law and vetoing bills.Learn more about Branches of Government
The diplomatic powers of the president of the United States include the right to make treaties and executive agreements with other nations and the right of reception, which is the right to recognize or not recognize the legitimacy of governments in other countries. The president also has the ability to use military forces in foreign combat as commander-in-chief.Full Answer >
Congress can check the president by overriding a presidential veto with a two-thirds majority vote, by confirming or rejecting cabinet members or other appointees the president has selected, and by subpoenaing as witnesses and holding in contempt people to whom the president has offered pardons. In addition, only Congress can initiate legislation, so if a president wants a bill passed, he must lobby Congress.Full Answer >
The judicial powers of the president of the United States are the power to pardon and grant reprieves, the power to appoint federal judges and the power to appoint justices to the Supreme Court. The power to appoint judges and justices is limited in that those appointments must be approved by Congress. Conversely, the power to pardon and grant reprieves is quite broad.Full Answer >
The Supreme Court has exclusive powers and official jurisdiction over "all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consults" as well as any case that involves a state as one of the parties in the case and a foreign government. According to the Federal Judicial Center, the Supreme Court usually exercises its power of exclusive jurisdiction when two states are in a suit against one another.Full Answer >