The judicial branch is important because it interprets the laws of the nation. The judicial branch also has the power to compel the production of evidence. In the United States, the Supreme Court is the superior court of the judicial branch, and its decisions must be interpreted as law by the inferior courts.Continue Reading
In the United States, the judicial branch is one of the three main branches of the government, and it is endowed at the federal level with judging whether laws adhere to the principles of the U.S. Constitution. The judicial branch plays a crucial role in the checks and balances of power in the government.
The makeup of the Supreme Court and other federal courts is left to the discretion of the U.S. Congress. Even deciding the number of judges in the Supreme Court is a decision made by Congress, and at times the Court has had as few as six judges. The current makeup of nine judges with a chief justice and eight associate judges has been in place since 1869. Once appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate, federal judges can only be removed through an impeachment process initiated by Congress and only under outstanding circumstances.Learn more about Branches of Government
The legislative branch of any government exists to create, amend and repeal laws that provide structure and order to a society. In the United States, it is called the Congress. According to Article 1 of the Constitution, only Congress may enact legislation or declare war.Full Answer >
The executive branch of the United States, headed by the president, has the primary duty of administering and implementing federal laws. In addition to the president, who acts as commander in chief, the Vice president also has a prominent role in directing the activities of the executive branch. This branch includes numerous federal agencies that enforce laws and regulations in different areas, including finances, the environment and security.Full Answer >
The executive branch of the United States is responsible for the implementation and enforcement of the laws passed by the legislative branch as they have been interpreted by the judicial branch. The president is also empowered to sign or veto bills.Full Answer >
Judicial review is controversial because an unelected group is charged with interpreting the Constitution and thereby the validity of laws affecting the populous.Judicial review should be void of all political bias, however, the power granted to a body that is not accountable to the public can be seen as an imbalance in the checks and balances intended by the three branch system of democracy in the United States.Full Answer >