Judges are not responsible for making laws. Judges are responsible for interpreting laws, assessing any evidence presented and imposing penalties while remaining impartial in their rulings to ensure justice is fairly served.
The legislative branch – that is, the U.S. Congress – is composed of the House of Representatives and the Senate, which are responsible for making laws at the federal level that must be signed into law by the president. Laws at the state level are made by the legislatures of the respective states and are approved or vetoed by the governor. At the city and county levels, laws are made by the city council or county board of supervisors and signed by the mayor, county commissioner or other authority figure.