Q:

What item represents one of the greatest sources of power for the President?

A:

Quick Answer

One of the greatest sources of presidential power is the legislative veto. A sitting president can prevent a law from being enacted by executing veto authority within 10 days of the passage of the law.

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Full Answer

By simply threatening to veto legislation, a president wields power over Congress to have a bill amended before passage. Because a presidential veto is rarely overridden by Congress, the veto is a powerful tool that can be used for leverage during legislative battles. The president can use a regular veto that falls within the 10-day deadline or a pocket veto to reject a bill while Congress is officially adjourned.

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  • Q:

    What is a pocket veto?

    A:

    A pocket veto occurs when Congress adjourns before the president signs a bill into law. The United States Constitution states the president has ten days to sign or veto legislation. If Congress adjourns within the ten-day period, then the bill does not become law.

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  • Q:

    What is a congressional override?

    A:

    A congressional override occurs when the U.S. Congress passes a bill into law in spite of a president's veto. Although presidents have the power to veto bills passed by Congress, the House and Senate have the constitutional right to override the veto. For this to happen, two-thirds of the members of each chamber of Congress must vote in favor of the override.

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  • Q:

    What is the difference between federal and state governments?

    A:

    The federal government, under the powers of the U.S. Constitution, is given the power to make laws, veto laws, oversee foreign policy and national defense, impose tariffs, impeach officials, enter into treaties, interpret the Constitution, interpret laws and revise laws that allow one state to impede on the rights of another. Beyond that, the 10th amendment gives power to the states to govern themselves.

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  • Q:

    How can the executive branch check the legislative branch?

    A:

    The main way the executive branch checks the legislative branch is through veto power. Another way includes the ability to call special sessions of Congress. The executive branch can also recommend legislation, which is a more subtle check on the legislative branch.

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