The Populist party supported the farmers living in the Midwest and the Southern regions of the United States who were experiencing a lack of credit options, falling farm prices and crop failures. The party was also known as the People's party, and was created soon after the drought in the Midwest that sent many farmers into deb/t.
Populism was a response to the changes in society and the economy. It was an attempt to force the government to listen to the needs of farmers and laborers.
Unfortunately for the Populist party, the Southern Democrats were not above tactics of intimidation, fraud and violence. These practices enabled the Southern Democrats to beat out Populist candidates in elections, even though Populism was gaining traction and increasing in popularity.
The party found itself with further problems when it separated into two factions. The "mid-roaders" faction in the party wanted to stay separated from the Democratic party to ensure that there would be a third-party threat. The "fusionist" party was interested in fusing with the Democrat party so that they would have a powerful association and a way to win more elections. The Populist party ended in the early 1900s, but the ideas of populism remained in the general public and could be seen in the President Roosevelt's New Deal administration.