International law differs from national law in its aims, subjects, boundaries and deliberative bodies. National law is concerned with running a particular country and promoting the interests of its people. International law promotes the welfare of the entire international community, and has to respect the sovereignty of states.Continue Reading
The United Nations describes international law as defining the legal responsibilities that states have one to another. Sometimes this means that the issues it covers overlap with national law: immigration, global commerce and war. However, international law does not strive to benefit a single nation or group of nations. Thus, some of the objectives of international law can seem to be in conflict with the purposes of national law. For example, states typically build up their militaries and weapons stockpiles as a way of ensuring national security. International law, on the other hand, promotes mutual disarmament as a way of establishing peace.
The Legal Information Institute at Cornell University explains the sources of international law. Whereas national law is derived from state political bodies like parliaments and congresses, international law comes from international agreements. In a country, the government has the full force of a judicial system, police and military to enforce its laws. Because the international community strives to avoid war at all costs, economic sanctions are one of the few measures that can be used against transgressors of international law. As a result, international law is difficult to enforce. The United Nations Charter has established the International Court of Justice as its principal judicial organ.Learn more about Law
Cost of living differs between states and other geographical boundaries due to price differences in housing, groceries, health care, transportation and utilities. These factors may be different in separate states due to differences in social policies, tax rates and inflation levels.Full Answer >
Maritime boundaries can generally be divided between territorial waters and international waters, which begin 12 nautical miles from a sovereign coastline, according to Geoscience Australia. The U.S. Coast Guard explains that international law generally prohibits any nation from asserting jurisdiction over foreign vessels on international waters.Full Answer >
The penalty for wanton endangernment differs depending on the degree, the state and if the person is a repeat offender or not. For instance, in Kentucky, it is a class D felony that attracts a prison term of up to five years.Full Answer >
The Health Insurance Portability Accountability Act is a U.S. law that Congress passed in 1966 that aims to ensure the privacy of medical information and aims to provide consumers ongoing health insurance coverage during employment changes, according to the University of Miami. HIPPA also attempts to reduce waste and fraud within the American health-care system by punishing health-care providers who commit fraud and abuse resources.Full Answer >