An intergovernmental lobby is a special interest group formed by lower-level government in an attempt to influence higher-level government. Intergovernmental lobbies are also known as pressure groups.
One example of intergovernmental lobbying is performed by states and cities. There are many political offices in Washington, D.C. that belong to smaller government entities. These governments remain close so that they can actively and directly petition the federal government. Intergovernmental lobbying is often used by states in an attempt to obtain increased funding from the federal government as well as influence other aspects of the legislative process in order to protect their interests.