The U.S. citizenship test assesses an applicant's knowledge of English and civics, according to U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. The English portion of the test is comprised of three components: speaking, reading and writing. The civics portion covers the basics of United States history, principles and form of government.
There are 100 potential questions asked on the civics exam, states U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. During the naturalization process, a USCIS officer asks the applicant up to 10 of those questions. To pass, the applicant must verbally answer six of the 10 questions accurately. Once six questions are answered correctly, the officer stops the exam.
The speaking portion of the citizenship exam involves an officer asking the applicant questions about her naturalization eligibility, explains U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. The questions are derived from the naturalization application completed prior to testing. A person must sufficiently demonstrate an ability to understand and speak English.
To pass the reading portion of the exam, an applicant must accurately read one of three sentences, thus showing an ability to read English, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services notes. Vocabulary used includes question words, nouns about the U.S. government and simple prepositions.
An applicant must write out one of three sentences in a way that the officer understands to pass the writing portion of the naturalization exam, according to U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. Spelling, capitalization and punctuation errors do not fail an applicant unless the errors cause the sentence to be indecipherable.