A medical power of attorney includes directions on life support and permission for the agent to review medical files and sign medical forms on the patient's behalf, according to ExpertLaw from the Law Offices of Aaron Larson.. A medical power of attorney takes effect when the patient is not able to make decisions on his own.
A medical power of attorney can cover medical situations such as the patient's choice to refuse blood transfusions or dialysis, explains Rocket Lawyer. A person should select an agent who he trusts to make medical decisions on his behalf if he becomes unable to make those decisions on his own. Anyone drafting a medical power of attorney should sit down and discuss with his agent what he wants done in certain medical circumstances.
The agent named on a medical power of attorney is generally permitted to accept or refuse medical treatment that affects the mental or physical health of the person for whom the agent is the power of attorney. The agent hires or fires medical personnel; makes decisions on medical facilities for treatment; visits the patient in a hospital or facility even when visitation is not permitted; has access to personal information and medical records; and gets court authorization if necessary, says Rocket Lawyer.