Q:

How do you find more information about EEOC settlements?

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Quick Answer

The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission provides information about specific settlements and the settlement process on its website. Information is available for the general public, employees and applicants, employers, governmental agencies and legal professionals.

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Full Answer

Created in 1965, the EEOC enforces federal laws and regulations that prohibit employment discrimination based on race, color, religion, national origin, age of 40 or older, disability, genetic information and sex, including pregnancy, as explained on EEOC.gov. These laws apply to all work-related situations involving covered employees, applicants and employers, from the hiring and training processes through termination, notes the EEOC. However, independent contractors are not protected under this legislation, and federal laws exempt certain employers with a small number of employees.

When a covered employee files a discrimination complaint against an employer, the EEOC investigates the claim to determine whether prohibited discrimination occurred, states the EEOC. If the investigation reveals discrimination, the EEOC initiates the settlement process to resolve the problem with the employer. Most disputes between employees and employers in the private sector are resolved through this settlement process, explains the EEOC. If a settlement fails, the EEOC and the employee retain the ability to litigate the dispute in court.

The EEOC also notes that it investigates claims of discrimination against classes of employees. When such investigations occur, the EEOC posts notices of those claims on its website so that affected employees may obtain all necessary information.

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