The independence of the judicial branch is ensured by making sure that the judges cannot receive a reduction in their salary and cannot be removed from the bench by a president who might oppose the judge's views. This gives judges a security in their job that allows them to make decisions without worrying about political pressures.Continue Reading
The United States Constitution created these two protections in order to ensure that the judicial branch's decisions would remain independent. The Constitution is full of checks and balances between the three governmental branches in order to keep the country running smoothly. Judges for the Supreme Court are appointed by the president with advisement from the Senate.
President William Howard Taft was one of the leaders in the development of institutions of a judiciary nature that could govern themselves. For many years, judiciary courts still needed administrative support from the government's executive branch. Taft felt that this created too much of an interdependence between the two and sought to eliminate this interdependence in many ways.
There have been court critics through the years that are unhappy with judicial independence; however, as Taft was able to recognize, the constitutional protection of judges depends on public faith as well as a responsive court system. The public faith only exists when the public believes that political parties will be unable to influence the judicial process, which requires an independent judicial system.Learn more about Branches of Government
The U.S. executive branch’s main purpose is to implement and enforce laws; the executive branch consists of the president, vice president and the president’s cabinet. Other departments and agencies, like the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and the United States Postal Service (USPS), are included in the executive branch. This branch is responsible for day-to-day enforcement and administration of federal laws.Full Answer >
The executive branch of the United States, headed by the president, has the primary duty of administering and implementing federal laws. In addition to the president, who acts as commander in chief, the Vice president also has a prominent role in directing the activities of the executive branch. This branch includes numerous federal agencies that enforce laws and regulations in different areas, including finances, the environment and security.Full Answer >
Once passed by the legislature and signed into law by the president, the people of the United States can challenge any law in the courts under the authority of the judicial branch. Laws deemed unconstitutional by the judiciary are considered void. In this way, justices of the courts become the final arbiters of the fairness and legality of a law's provisions.Full Answer >
The three sections that make up the executive branch include the president, the vice president and the Cabinet. The Cabinet is comprised of 15 executive departments, including the Department of Agriculture, the Department of Defense and the Department of Education.Full Answer >