The political theory of hyperpluralism holds that special-interest groups have become too numerous and influential in politics, either causing or contributing to government gridlock. It is an extension of the pluralism theory, which is the view that while power is centralized in the government, special-interest groups are able to influence that power.Continue Reading
In a pluralistic model of government, special-interest groups such as women's rights organizations and workers' unions are able to pool their individual political power in the form of votes and money. This collective power can then be used to influence key politicians, encouraging them to legislate in a way favorable to the special-interest group.
In a hyperpluralistic model, however, too many special-interest groups are competing for political power. When so many special-interest groups are seeking a voice, conflicts arise in the things they want. For example, a number of strong anti-abortion groups seek a voice in the government, but they are countered by an equally powerful pro-choice lobby. Because their desires are exactly opposite and neither group is willing to compromise, the only choice elected officials have if they want to prevent either side from moving against them politically is to do nothing. As a result, neither side gets what it wants.
When there are too many special-interest conflicts, government can be effectively paralyzed. Government becomes weaker, and democracy is threatened because the true public preference cannot be implemented.Learn more about Branches of Government
The iron triangle is the relationship between Congress, federal agencies and lobbying groups, according to Auburn University’s Paul Johnson, Ph.D. Special interest groups donate money to Congressional leaders to legislate for particular programs, the federal agencies use lobbyists and connections to influence legislation, and Congressional leaders receive agency support for the continuation or implementation of certain bureaucratic policies. This network of Congressional officials, lobbyists and bureaucrats forms the Iron Triangle.Full Answer >
The term "statutory body" is defined as an organization given the authority to check the activities of a business or organization to ensure such groups follow the law. Cambridge Dictionaries states a statutory body is created by a parliament to regulate industries, groups of experts and governmental agencies.Full Answer >
The National Response Framework is a formal plan detailing how community groups and the United States government work together in the event of natural disasters or terrorist attacks. The National Incident Management System includes the processes for how the various aspects of disaster response should be handled.Full Answer >
According to the U.S. Constitution, Congress cannot grant individuals or groups titles of nobility, pass laws that punish specific individuals or groups, retroactively make something illegal or suspend people's right to know why they are being charged with a crime. This is except in cases of emergency.Full Answer >