The branches of the United States government were established in 1787 when the Constitution was created by the nation’s leaders. The idea was to create a national government that was both strong and fair, which led to three separate governmental branches and a system of checks and balances.
The three separate branches were named the executive, legislative and judicial, and would allow for a system of checks and balances between them so that no one branch could have too much power.
The legislative branch is congress, which is made up of the House of Representatives and the Senate, and the main function of this branch is to make the laws.
The executive branch is headed by the president, and makes those laws official. The president is elected by the country and approves and carries out laws that are passed by the legislative branch. The branch also includes a vice president and members of the president’s cabinet, who give counseling to the president about important affairs.
The third branch is called the judicial branch, which oversees the court system and is headed by the Supreme Court. It is up to the judicial branch to interpret and explain the meaning of the United States Constitution and other laws Congress passes.