United Nations founded the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, abbreviated as UNESCO, in 1945. Since 1946, UNESCO has hosted an annual general conference, which usually takes place in Paris. The purpose of UNESCO is to promote peace and solidarity among nations through educational, scientific and cultural activities. In 1948, UNESCO recommended that its member states offer free, universal primary education. UNESCO created the World Heritage Committee in 1976, in order to identify sites for World Heritage List status.Continue Reading
Between 1960 and 1980, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization conducted the Nubia Campaign, which oversaw the relocation of the Great Temple of Abu Simbel in Egypt. The building of the Aswan Dam had jeopardized the preservation of this historic site.
In 1975, UNESCO founded the United Nations University in Tokyo, Japan. UNESCO adopted the Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity in 2001.
The precursor of UNESCO was the League of Nation's International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation. The United Nations Conference on International Organization in 1945 recommended the creation of UNESCO. Its international headquarters are in Paris, and the organization has field offices around the world. As of 2015, UNESCO has 195 member states and nine associate member states.Learn more about International Orgs