Herbert Hoover headed the U.S. Food Administration during World War I. He was appointed to the position by President Woodrow Wilson. Hoover was the former head of the Belgian Relief Organization. He later became the 31st president of the United States.
The Administration was founded on Aug. 10, 1917 to help relieve starvation in Europe during and after the war. The agency was successful under Hoover's direction and delivered 33,841,307 pounds of food to Europe. Under Hoover's leadership, the U.S. Food Administration was responsible for rationing American citizen and military food consumption. Hoover opposed the rationing because of the enormous bureaucracy involved; instead he encouraged voluntary reduction of consumption of specific foods.