A tort, a civil issue that allows for legal redress, serves as the basis for any lawsuit, according to Cornell University Law School. Some torts include assault, negligence, liability, defamation of character and distress.Continue Reading
Intentional torts are purposeful civil wrongdoings, such as intentionally providing false information or a product resulting in bodily harm, explains National Paralegal College. Torts purporting negligence cover emotional and physical injuries and property damage due to inadvertent harm. An example of negligence is the failure of a mechanical part of an appliance that causes a fire along with personal injury or property damage. A lawsuit under a strict liability tort does not require the defendant to show less than ordinary care, clarifies Cornell University Law School. The action itself infers liability, such as with a defective product.
The point of a civil lawsuit is to sue for damages, which include monetary allocations for current and expected expenses resulting from the injury, explains Cornell University Law School. Judges also award damages for psychological injury and lost wages. Many torts also have criminal implications. Though a criminal trial defendant is not guilty in a criminal trial, it is possible for the same defendant to be liable in a civil trial due to the varying levels of proof for a conviction, according to The Florida Bar.Learn more about Law