Grounds for libel and slander require the plaintiff to prove the defendant made a defamatory statement about the plaintiff, the defendant publicized the communication to a third party and the publisher acted negligently in publishing the communication. The plaintiff must also prove special damages, according to FindLaw.
Libel and slander are also known as defamation. Libel refers to written statements that are published for the world to see, while slander involves a spoken or audible statement, notes FindLaw. A statement is defamatory if it harms the reputation of another and deters other people from associating with him. Examples include communications that state the plaintiff was involved in a serious crime involving moral turpitude or a felony and communications that negatively impact the plaintiff's character, morality or integrity.