Some grants for people with disabilities are the Vocational Rehabilitation State Grants, the Supported Employment Services for Individuals with the Most Significant Disabilities and the Independent Living Services for Older Individuals Who Are Blind. The United States Department of Education's Rehabilitation Services Administration manages these grant programs to help individuals with physical or mental disabilities become more independent and productive. Services the programs provide include counseling, medical services and employment training.
The Vocational Rehabilitation State Grants give funding to states for vocational rehabilitation and services that prepare individuals with physical and mental disabilities to find gainful employment. The state's population and per capita income determine the amount of funding that the state receives. For fiscal year 2015, total funding awarded tthrough this program was $3 billion, with California, Texas and Florida receiving the largest amounts.
The Supported Employment Services for Individuals with the Most Significant Disabilities program funds state efforts to help persons with serious disabilities find and keep employment. Such individuals typically have intellectual disabilities or traumatic brain injuries. The program utilizes training models such as job crews, enclaves and person-centered coaching so that program participants may eventually work for an employer in a competitive work environment and receive wages and benefits. For 2015, these grants totaled $27 million.
The Independent Living Services for Older Individuals Who Are Blind program provides funding to states for support services that help blind individuals who are at least 55 years old become independent in daily life and find gainful employment. Program recipients receive assistance to alleviate or correct their visual impairment, adjust to their disability and enhance their capability to care for themselves. These grants totaled $32 million in 2015.