A letter of intent to sue is a list of demands sent as a last resort before taking a civil case to court, explains AllLaw. It typically includes a list of reparations that must be completed before a set amount of time, after which, if the reparations are not met, the person files a lawsuit.
For cases involving monetary settlements, calculate the exact amount of damages and itemize these expenses in detail in the letter. In personal injury cases, compensation for emotional injuries and pain and suffering may also be included, according to AllLaw. However, be reasonable with any demands so that both parties have the option to begin settlement negotiations outside of court.
Do not rush the letter, and take time to obtain the correct information from the other party, advises AllLaw. Certain companies have a legal department that receives legal documents such as these, so address the letter to that department instead of to an individual employee. Allow the other party a feasible amount of time to meet the demands of the letter. Not being provided enough time could be used as a defense in court.
Intent-to-sue letters only apply to civil cases. If a crime has been committed, file a report with the local police department instead, according to eHow.com. Only send an intent-to-sue letters if you fully intend to file a lawsuit if the demands are not met. Failure to follow through with the suit after sending the letter may be considered a crime in some states.