There are 31 state prisons in Georgia, three of which are designated for women. Each prison is rated by a security classification system. The security classification system levels are minimum, medium and close security. Offenders are assigned to a security level based on factors like the nature of the offense.
Offenders who are able-bodied are assigned to a work detail that contributes to daily operations of the facility, such as laundry and cooking. Specialized details include food and farm operations; construction; fire services; community work and correctional industries. As many as 1,800 offenders are selected to receive on-the-job training in such fields as woodworking, metal fabrication and screen printing.
Georgia state prisons house violent or repeat criminals or nonviolent offenders who have exhausted other types of punishment. Offenders may be sentenced to prison by a judge or may be sent as a result of revocation proceedings. The state prisons offer offenders classes and access to services that allow them to reduce their risk to society.
Georgia state prisons are operated by the Georgia Department of Corrections. It is the largest law enforcement agency in the state, employing over 12,000 people. It is one of the largest prison systems in the United States.