The functions of the Clerk of Superior Court vary by state but in general, they are the primary custodians of all court records, documents and exhibits associated with cases and oversee all clerical functions of the court. They also record all proceedings and supervise all clerical staff.
The clerk’s office is normally responsible for collecting and processing all money collected by the court, such as court costs and fines, service and filing fees, assessments and bonds associated with appeals, probate, bail and appearance. The clerk’s office may also perform the processing of accepting and releasing bail, committing defendants to corrections facilities and processing releases. At the request of a judge, they may prepare documents such as judicial orders, summons, appeals, writs and indictments. They also frequently handle the scheduling of cases and assignment of courtrooms.
In some states, the Clerk of Superior Court has unique functions. In Arizona, the clerk acts as a notary public, swears in witnesses, issues and records marriage licenses, administers wage assignments and maintains child support orders. He also serves as Jury Commissioner and maintains an active list of potential jurors. In North Carolina, the clerk is given judicial authority and is the ex officio Judge of Probate, having original jurisdiction over all matters related to estates, probate of wills, juveniles, commitments of incompetents adoptions and condemnation of private lands for public use.