Officially designated as a U.S. Army fort in 1940, Fort Ord previously served as a maneuver area and field artillery target range beginning in 1917. From 1940 until it was converted to civilian use in 1994, Fort Ord was one of the Army's permanent posts, where the 7th Infantry Division was garrisoned for many years.Continue Reading
Ford Ord served as one of the country's leading training centers and deployment staging grounds during the Vietnam War. More than 1.5 million Americans troops were trained at the fort throughout its history.
Ford Ord is located on California's Monterey Peninsula, near towns such as Salinas, Sand City, Carmel, Seaside and Pacific Grove. Most of the land originally belonging to Fort Ord is part of the 14,658-acre Fort Ord National Monument. This land, which is managed by the U.S. Bureau of Land Management as part of the National Landscape Conservation System, was set aside as part of a proclamation made by President Barack Obama on April 20, 2012.
In addition to Fort Ord National Monument, as of 2015, the fort's original land is also home to Fort Ord Dunes State Park, California State University at Monterey Bay, several subdivisions and a commercial strip mall. When the land was converted to civilian use, some land was set aside to create the first nature reserve in the United States dedicated to protecting an insect species, the endangered Smith's blue butterfly.Learn more about Military