The First Amendment reads, "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances."
The First Amendment of the Constitution of the United States establishes the freedoms of religion and expression for United States citizens. These freedoms include: freedom of religious practice, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, the right to peaceably assemble and the right to petition their government.
The First Amendment was not originally included in the Constitution of the United States; it is, however, part of a larger collection of amendments called the Bill of Rights. These 10 amendments were enacted on December 15, 1791, when Virginia ratified them. The First Amendment was written by James Madison.
While the First Amendment guarantees the right to free speech, this right is not without its limits. The Supreme Court of the United States has ruled that the government may limit speech for the purpose of public good. Examples of these limitations include libel laws, obscenity laws, subversive speech, death threats and many forms of hate speech.