Fire safety month takes place during the entire month of October; however, fire departments designate the second week of October as Fire Prevention Week. Fire Prevention Month is rooted in the Great Chicago fire of 1871 that killed more than 250 people.
Fire Prevention Month raises awareness of the dangers of fire and aids people in preparing for fire threats. The National Fire Protection Association, or NFPA, urges people to stay informed and aware of current fire threats. President Woodrow Wilson designated the first Fire Prevention Week in 1920, and it is the longest-running public health and safety observance in the United States.