A patient may file a complaint against a doctor with the state medical board, according to the American Medical Association and Medicare. A patient may file such a complaint in the event of perceived malpractice, professional incompetence or unprofessional conduct.
All state medical boards in the United States offer a complaint form where an individual or group may register a complaint against a doctor, as is the case with the New York State Department of Health. Some organizations, such as the Georgia Composite Medical Board offer patients the option to file a complaint online. State medical boards also serve as licensing authorities and are empowered to investigate a physician's conduct and take appropriate action in the event of a wrongdoing, according to the AMA.