To file a complaint against a judge, submit a written form or letter of complaint to the appropriate governing body, according to the American Civil Liberties Union of Ohio. This is typically a state judicial ethics committee for local judges, and the district clerk of the court for federal judges.
It is not necessary to hire a lawyer to file a complaint against a judge, according to the ACLU Ohio. However, you do need to submit a detailed written complaint in most cases, including names, dates and a detailed description of the incident about which you have the complaint. Most states provide a form that you can simply fill out to make sure you include all the necessary information. If you have transcripts or other documents that show the judge's misconduct, you should submit those with your complaint.
Some states allow you to submit the complaint anonymously, according to the Judicial Conduct Board of Pennsylvania. However, even in these states, it is generally best to identify yourself. The investigation may be more difficult if you choose to remain anonymous. Other states, such as Ohio, only accept complaints from people willing to give their names.
Complaints about legal errors, verdicts or sentencing generally do not fall under the authority of judicial review boards, reports the State of California Commission on Judicial Performance. These types of complaints generally require the assistance of a lawyer and need to be addressed through appeals or other court actions.