Fidel Castro was a Cuban revolutionary and political leader who, during his tenure as Cuba's prime minister, president and commander-in-chief, orchestrated the country's transformation into a one-party socialist state. Castro formed a decades-long alliance with the Soviet Union and supported communist revolutions around the world. His policies made him a lifelong antagonist and target of the United States.Continue Reading
Castro was the son of a wealthy Cuban farmer. While studying law at the University of Havannah, he became involved in leftist politics and became a prominent student leader and organizer within the Socialist Party of the Cuban People.
Castro went on to work in revolutionary causes in the Dominican Republic, Colombia and Mexico. In 1959, he organized the revolution that overthrew President Fulgencia Bautista and his US-backed military junta. As prime minister and later president, Castro introduced policies that nationalized the economy and established central planning.
Castro allied Cuba with the Soviet Union, allowing the USSR to install nuclear weapons on the island. This led to the Cuban missile crisis in 1962. Castro sent weapons and troops to support communist regimes in the Yom Kippur War, the Ogaden War and the Angolan Civil War.
Despite numerous American attempts to remove Castro by means of assassination, counter-revolution and economic embargo, he continued in office until turning power over to his brother Raul Castro in 2008.Learn more about Types of Government
The U.S. State Department holds that a good ambassador is knowledgeable about the country to which he is assigned, loyal to his home country, an efficient communicator, a successful negotiator and a strong leader. An ambassador is an honorable representative of his country and government. He is responsible for managing an entire branch of his country's foreign service and furthering his nation's interests abroad.Full Answer >
Portugal's form of government is a republic, which means the country is managed by citizens and their elected officials, with an elected president at the head. Portugal existed as a monarchy for 800 years, but in 1910 it was overthrown. The last monarch, King Manuel II, was exiled to England. In 1911, the first Republic constitution was established.Full Answer >
The key traits of totalitarianism are a one-party rule with a dictatorship, a dynamic leader, an ideology that sets the goals of the state, and methods of law enforcement that ultimately censor what people can read and watch. Furthermore, it includes modern technology and state control of religion and education.Full Answer >
Totalitarianism is a form of government where the state has total power, but in a democracy, the people of a country (or region) vote to elect leaders who act on their behalf. A totalitarianism government typically has a dictator that leads it, like Benito Mussolini in Italy during World War II.Full Answer >