What Is the Federal Emergency Relief Administration?

The Federal Emergency Relief Administration was a New Deal program that gave grants and loans to states struggling through the Great Depression. The program was signed into on May 12, 1933, and it gave short-term support.

The program was the brainchild of Harry Hopkins, who was the president of the New York State Temporary Emergency Relief Administration while Franklin D. Roosevelt was governor of New York. The program was designed to give employment opportunities through work relief projects. Approximately 15 million people received work due to the program. However, the program was unable to provide a livable wage to those who received its assistance.