The Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle is known as "the father of political science." His works "The Politics" and "Nicomachean Ethics" among many others evaluated political systems on a philosophical basis.
Aristotle lived from 384 to 322 B.C. and studied many disciplines, including biology, logic, rhetoric and government. His varied areas of interest influenced his political philosophy. His works on ethics discussed the role of the individual, while "The Politics" focused on factors of cities. Aristotle considered the city to be of more importance than families or individuals. He compared politics to an organism that could not exist without all its parts. Aristotle also often compared politicians to craftsmen, such as architects.