As of October 2014, there are no countries that are considered fascist according to generally accepted definitions of fascism. There are several countries with significant, active fascist or neo-fascist movements and with some representation in national politics. Countries with fascist elements and ideologies present in their governments include Syria, Bulgaria, Armenia, Venezuela, Bolivia, France, Denmark, Greece, Spain, Ukraine, the Netherlands and Hungary.Continue Reading
In 2014, France's Front National and the Danish People’s Party in Denmark received more than 25 percent of their respective country's votes, electing several members to the European Parliament. In Greece and Hungary, the fascist groups Golden Dawn and Jobbik have significant membership. The regime of Syrian Bashar al-Assad is considered by many to be fascist in nature, given its emphasis on protecting the state from internal and external enemies and the government's rampant use of violence against its own citizens.
There is much variation among definitions of fascism, but all definitions include at least four general principles. Fascism places absolute power in the state, with the state having priority over individuals, Fascism involves the use of force as a demonstration of strength. A strict and rigid social hierarchy is required for maintenance of a fascist state. Fascism is further characterized by the presence of an authoritarian leader. Fascist movements are nationalist and right-wing in nature.Learn more about Types of Government
Although communism in theory differs significantly from fascism, in practice, the two ideologies are nearly identical. The many similarities include the pervasiveness of nationalism, statism, totalitarianism and militarism. Both communist and fascist governments have employed propaganda, military rule and execution of political dissidents.Full Answer >
As of November of 2014, the five Communist countries that exist in the world today are China, Cuba, North Korea, Laos and Vietnam. In these countries, the ruling party is the Communist Party. In 1949, China became a Communist country after Mao Zedong became its leader.Full Answer >
There are four general types of sovereignty that relate to countries, including real, de facto and de jure, political and popular. Within countries, states may also claim the right of sovereignty.Full Answer >
A federal republic government is divided between two levels of independent sovereignty, the national government and the states (or provinces, in some countries). Unlike a unitary system, the states or analogous subdivision in a federal government are not dependencies of the national authority. A federal republic does not have a monarchy but rather some form of representative government.Full Answer >