Some of the most famous U.S. courthouses include King William County courthouse in Virginia, Old Salem County courthouse in New Jersey, Pima County courthouse in Arizona and Jefferson County courthouse in Alabama. The majority of original U.S. courthouse buildings are still used for judicial purposes, with others having been converted into municipal or government offices.Continue Reading
Erected in 1725, King William County courthouse is the oldest courthouse still in use in the United States, and is registered as a historical landmark. An additional, modern courthouse was built adjacent to it in the year 2004, but, as of September of 2015, judicial proceedings are still conducted in the original building.
Old Salem County courthouse is the oldest courthouse in the state of New Jersey, and is the second oldest courthouse in the United States. Famous for being the site of a petition to King George III to air colonial grievances in 1774, Old Salem County courthouse is also known for authorizing relief efforts to the people of Boston after the Boston Tea Party sanctions.
Arizona's Pima County courthouse is famous for being the location where criminal mastermind John Dillinger was legally processed before his extradition to Chicago. The courthouse is also famous for its unprecedented Spanish Colonial Revival architecture. Built in 1928, Pima County courthouse is made of pink stucco-covered brick and adorned with a large cement dome covered in ceramic tile.
Robert Chambliss, the man behind the infamous Sixteenth Street Baptist Church bombings in Birmingham, Alabama, was convicted at Jefferson County courthouse in 1977. The attack was made during the height of the civil rights movement, and lead to the passing of the 1964 Civil Rights Act.Learn more about Branches of Government