Famous five-star generals include General of the Army George C. Marshall, designated Dec.16, 1944, General of the Army Douglas MacArthur, designated Dec. 18, 1944, and General of the Army Dwight D. Eisenhower, designated Dec. 20, 1944. General of the Army Omar N. Bradley received the designation on Sept. 20, 1950.
Congress temporarily established the five-star grade for General of the Army on Dec. 14, 1944, and made it permanent on March 23, 1946. In 1976, President Gerald Ford posthumously designated George Washington as General of the Armies of the United States.
General John J. Pershing was the only other person designated General of the Armies of the United States. General Pershing held the rank, an honor from Congress, from September 3, 1919, until he passed away on July 15, 1948. Although Pershing never wore five stars, Congress considered him to have been a five-star general.